Autonomic dysfunction, manifesting as fast heart rate when standing (POTS) and a drop in blood pressure with exercise (NMH) contribute significantly to the post exertional exhaustion seen in CFS. In this study, 15 healthy male subjects (21-28 years of age) drank water or 10% glucose water (similar to a can of soda) 5 minutes before tilt-table testing. Water helped decrease abnormalities on tilt-table testing, but drinking the sugar water markedly worsened function on tilt-table testing.
Recent studies have shown that ingestion of glucose water lowers blood pressure (BP) in patients with perturbed autonomic control and more modestly lowers BP in elderly normal subjects. Whether glucose water affects cardiovascular control during orthostatic stress in normal young healthy subjects is unknown. We hypothesized that glucose water ingestion will reduce orthostatic tolerance in young healthy volunteers.
In a randomized, controlled, within-subject study, 15 healthy male subjects (21-28 years of age) ingested water or 10% glucose water 5 minutes before tilt-table testing. We measured finger BP, brachial BP, heart rate, and peripheral vascular resistance. Orthostatic tolerance was measured as the time to presyncope during a 70 degrees head-up tilt, in which the head was tilted for 45 minutes or until presyncopal symptoms were observed.
During the first 45 minutes of tilt, 8 of 15 subjects who ingested 10% glucose water experienced presyncope, but only 2 of 15 who ingested water (P = 0.029) experienced presyncope. Ingestion of 10% glucose water increased the heart rate significantly more than pure water during head-up tilt (P = 0.026). Ingestion of water increased the peripheral vascular resistance significantly >10% glucose water during the head-up tilt test (P = 0.013).
Ingestion of 10% glucose water impairs head-up tilt tolerance relative to water ingestion. The contrasting effect of 10% glucose water vs. pure water on orthostatic tolerance is associated with increased heart rate and attenuation of the increase in peripheral vascular resistance in head-up tilt testing.
Glucose Reduces the Effect of Water to Promote Orthostatic Tolerance, Chih-Cherng Lu, Min-Hui Li, Shung-Tai Ho, Chia-Lin Lu, Jiann-Chyun Lin, Tso-Chou Lin, Che-Se Tung, and Ching-Jiunn Tseng. American Journal of Hypertension (2008); 21, 11, 1177–1182. doi:10.1038/ajh.2008.267
Jacob Teitelbaum, M.D. is one of the world's leading integrative medical authorities on fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue. He is the lead author of four research studies on their treatments, and has published numerous health & wellness books, including the bestseller on fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome From Fatigued to Fantastic! and his newer The Fatigue and Fibromyalgia Solution. Dr. Teitelbaum is one of the most frequently quoted fibromyalgia experts in the world and appears often as a guest on news and talk shows nationwide including Good Morning America, The Dr. Oz Show, Oprah & Friends, CNN, and Fox News Health.